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Skin of newborn and care
What is the characteristic of the newborn skin? ?
The skin of newborn has the similar structure and function to the adult skin, such is to control the temperature, sense the sensation, sweat, and minimize the loss of heat. Importantly, it protects from external harm such as chemical substances, irritants, germs, sunlight, and UV.
During the 34 th week, the fetus has the same structure and component of skin layer with that of the adult. However, the fetus epidermis is 20% thinner and will develop to the same thickness when they are one year.
Furthermore, the body surface area per body weight of the baby is more than that of the adult. Thus, the baby skin has a higher possibility to absorb chemicals, allergens, and external use drugs than the adult, which may be harmful to the baby.
It is important to know that the sweat and sebaceous glands of the baby do not function completely so there is a chance of overheating from inclement weather.
Moreover, the function of collagen and elastin is insufficient and inefficient so the strength and elasticity of the epidermis is incomplete. As a result, cell adhesion in the skin layers is loose and there is a chance of cyst, wound and skin inflammation caused by the friction.
Skin of the newborn is clearer and smoother than the adult skin which is very sensitive. If the parents would like to take care of the baby’s sensitive skin to be healthy and moist without rash. Although living in the air-conditioned room, the parent must learn how to take care of it.
No skin scrub for the baby
During the newborn period, the newborn skin is coated with a type of waxy substance called vernix caseosa, which protects the skin from irritants and bacteria. Normally, wax will gradually come off within 2-3 days and may leave some residue. The parents do not need to rub or scrub the skin to remove the wax.
Bathing twice a day
For the newborn, bathing twice a day is enough because their skin is very sensitive. Frequent bathing will make the skin dry and flaky, and inflamed in the worst case. The suitable water temperature is 36- 37 °C, which is not too hot or cold. Warm water will wash away the natural fat coating the skin so the skin lacks moisture.
Apply lotion after bathing, not powdering
Applying lotion after bathing minimizes dry skin, reduces the diaper irritation, and encourages the sense of contact between the mother and the baby. However, be careful not to apply too much lotion, especially the area that comes in contact with the mouth. Do not use talcum powder since there is a risk of allergy or inhalation.
Choose a mild and gentle product
The products for the baby, such as bathing cream, shampoo, lotion, facial cream, or washing product should have a mild formula and contain the natural extract, even the organic products would be great. There should not be the ingredient that makes the baby allergic to it or has the rash due to chemical allergy.
With Love and Care,
Fae&Mae Organic Baby Cream